Sex Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic Pictures
Illustrations of a normal heart left and a heart with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM. Note that the muscular heart walls septum are much thicker hypertrophied in the HCM heart. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM is a disease in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick hypertrophied.
The thickened heart muscle can make it harder for the heart to pump blood. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy often goes undiagnosed because many people with the disease have few, if any, symptoms and can lead normal lives with no significant problems.
However, in a small number of people with HCMthe thickened heart muscle can cause shortness of breath, chest pain or problems in the heart's electrical system, resulting in life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms arrhythmias or sudden death. A number of conditions can cause shortness of breath and heart palpitations.
It's important to get a prompt, accurate diagnosis and appropriate care. Hochm your doctor if you have a family history of HCM or any symptoms associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually caused by abnormal genes gene mutations that cause the heart muscle to grow abnormally thick. As a result, the thicker wall may block blood flow out of the heart. This is called obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. If there's no significant blocking of blood flow, the condition is called nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
However, the heart's main pumping chamber left ventricle may become Xxx Boy. This makes it hard for the heart Hochm relax and reduces the amount of blood the ventricle can hold and send to the body with each heartbeat. People with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy also have an abnormal arrangement of heart muscle cells myofiber disarray. This can trigger arrhythmias in some people.
Parents, children or siblings of a person with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy should ask their doctors about screening for the disease. Many people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM don't have significant health problems. But complications of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can include:. There is no known prevention for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. But it's important to identify the condition as early as possible to guide treatment and prevent complications.
If you have a first-degree relative — a parent, sibling or child — with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, doctors may recommend genetic testing to screen for the condition. However, not everyone with HCM has a currently detectable mutation. Also, some insurance companies may not cover genetic testing. Adolescents and competitive athletes should be screened once a year.
Adults who don't compete in athletics should be Hochm every five years. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Open pop-up dialog box Close. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Illustrations of a normal heart left and a heart with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. American Heart Association. Accessed March 27, What is cardiomyopathy? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
Bonow RO, et al. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Saunders Elsevier; Maron MS. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and evaluation. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Management of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden Hochm death risk. Accessed Aug. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy adult. Mayo Clinic; Dearani JA, et Hochm. Surgery insight: Septal myectomy for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — The Mayo Clinic experience.
Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine. Accessed April 23, Kirklin Hochm, et Shoeonhead. Surgical relief of diffuse subvalvular aortic stenosis.
Joslyn James Bio and treatment of cardiomyopathy. Basu J, et al. Exercise and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Two incompatible entities? Clinical Cardiology. Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
Illustrations of a normal heart left and a heart with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM.
HOCM is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in athletes. Click on the above to enlarge. Symptoms. Often, this condition is asymptomatic until someone passes out or suffers cardiac arrest, unfortunately. If a young person is having dizziness, chest pain or passes out during exercise, this condition should be considered.
18/01/ · Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is a relatively common disorder. Historically, it has been referred to as idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis. HOCM is a significant cause of sudden cardiac death in young people, including well-trained athletes, affecting men and women equally across all races. In patients, it from asymmetric septal hypertrophy causing Cited by: 3.